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Er rétt að fallbeygja vefsíðuheiti, vegna .is endingarinnar?

Í vefsíðuheitum er .is skammstöfun fyrir landið rétt eins og á mörgum dönskum vefsíðum er .dk, á norskum .no, sænskum .se, á þýskum .de og á austurískum .at. Engin hefð er fyrir því að beygja þessar skammstafanir. Sagt er: "fréttina má lesa á hi.is [hi punktur is]" (vef Háskóla Íslands), ekki "*...hi.isi", "þ...

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How far into the sky does the light from Yoko Ono's Peace Tower travel?

The short answer is that there is no particular limit to the distance it travels. If we were out in space and inside the ray of light, and there were no clouds between us and the light source, we could see it, either with the naked eye or with the appropriate equipment. With sufficiently good equipment, we would...

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Fyrst margt getur farið úrskeiðis getur þá annað farið skeiðis?

Orðið úrskeiðis er atviksorð sett saman af forskeytinu úr-, nafnorðinu skeið 'tiltekin vegalengd, (ákveðin) tímalengd , hlaup, kapphlaup' og viðskeytinu -is. Hér hafa kappreiðar farið úrskeiðis og nokkrir hestar og knapar fallið á brautinni. Orðið úrskeiðis merkir 'aflaga, úr lagi'. Atviksorð mynduð á þennan há...

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Why do male last names in Icelandic end with -son instead of -sonur?

In Old Icelandic, when the word sonr formed the second part of a compound, i.e. Magnús-son, Sigurðs-son, the final -r (-ur) was dropped in nominative singular, and the same morphology is used in Modern Icelandic. E.g.: Nom. Magnús Sigurðsson (son(u)r) Acc. Magnús Sigurðsson (son) Dat. Magnúsi Si...

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How many words are there in Icelandic?

It is impossible to say exactly how many words there are in Icelandic. Words are made every day, some of which may only be used once. These are usually compound words that are made because some event or object has to be instantly described, and there are no suitable existing words to choose from. Such words, whic...

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How many words are there in Icelandic for the devil?

It is difficult to say how many words there are for devil in Icelandic. Most of the known examples owe their existence to the fact that it was not considered proper to name the devil, so he was referred to by nicknames or by mutation of his name. In the Icelandic thesaurus the following words are listed under fjan...

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Are portmanteau words frequent in Icelandic?

Portmanteau words are quite rare in Icelandic, and that kind of word formation is not a part of the regular way of making new words for the Icelandic vocabulary. I have asked quite many people, e.g. the lexicographers at the lexicographical department of the Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies and some ...

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How did the Icelandic language start?

When Iceland was first settled in the 9th century, most of the settlers came from Norway, some of whom took slaves from Ireland en route. During the first centuries, the same language was spoken in Norway and Iceland, so there was little difference and the vocabulary was mostly Norse, with the exception of a f...

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What is the origin of the Icelandic language?

Icelandic belongs to the branch of the original indo-European known as Germanic. The Germanic languages divided early into three sub families: East Germanic is considered to comprise only one language, Gothic, which was spoken by the ancient race of Goths, and is now extinct. Sources about this can be found...

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Hvert er öflugasta eldgos á Íslandi sem vitað er um?

Þetta er ekki einföld spurning, mörg stór eldgos hafa orðið á Íslandi og erfitt að fullyrða hvert þeirra var öflugast. Í jarðlögum fram til nútíma (frá 17 milljónum ára fram til síðustu 10 þúsund ára) er víða að finna ummerki stórra eldgosa. Hér er bæði um að ræða stór súr sprengigos og stór basísk flæðigosa. Það ...

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Hvað er mikill straumur í einni eldingu?

Spyrjandi spurði einnig hvernig eldingar myndast en um það hefur verið fjallað á Vísindavefnum í svari Haraldar Ólafssonar og Þórðar Arasonar við spurningunni Hvernig myndast þrumur og eldingar? Spennan sem myndast milli tveggja skýja eða milli skýja og jarðar í þrumuveðri getur numið milljónum volta. Loftið v...

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