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Niðurstöður leitar - 257 svör fundust

What is the origin of the Icelandic language?

Icelandic belongs to the branch of the original indo-European known as Germanic. The Germanic languages divided early into three sub families: East Germanic is considered to comprise only one language, Gothic, which was spoken by the ancient race of Goths, and is now extinct. Sources about this can be found...

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Are portmanteau words frequent in Icelandic?

Portmanteau words are quite rare in Icelandic, and that kind of word formation is not a part of the regular way of making new words for the Icelandic vocabulary. I have asked quite many people, e.g. the lexicographers at the lexicographical department of the Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies and some ...

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Why do male last names in Icelandic end with -son instead of -sonur?

In Old Icelandic, when the word sonr formed the second part of a compound, i.e. Magnús-son, Sigurðs-son, the final -r (-ur) was dropped in nominative singular, and the same morphology is used in Modern Icelandic. E.g.: Nom. Magnús Sigurðsson (son(u)r) Acc. Magnús Sigurðsson (son) Dat. Magnúsi Si...

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How did the Icelandic language start?

When Iceland was first settled in the 9th century, most of the settlers came from Norway, some of whom took slaves from Ireland en route. During the first centuries, the same language was spoken in Norway and Iceland, so there was little difference and the vocabulary was mostly Norse, with the exception of a f...

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How many words are there in Icelandic for the devil?

It is difficult to say how many words there are for devil in Icelandic. Most of the known examples owe their existence to the fact that it was not considered proper to name the devil, so he was referred to by nicknames or by mutation of his name. In the Icelandic thesaurus the following words are listed under fjan...

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How many words are there in Icelandic?

It is impossible to say exactly how many words there are in Icelandic. Words are made every day, some of which may only be used once. These are usually compound words that are made because some event or object has to be instantly described, and there are no suitable existing words to choose from. Such words, whic...

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Hvaða „Enta“ er í Entujökli?

Enta er jökuldalur eða gjá norðvestan í Mýrdalsjökli, í kverk við Botnjökul, milli Sléttjökuls og Entujökuls en Entugjá er annað nafn hennar (Íslandsatlas, kort 71). Við Entu er kenndur Entujökull, Entukollur og Entuskarð. Elsta prentaða heimild um nafnið Enta er að því er best verður séð í grein Jóns Eyþórsso...

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Hvaða rannsóknir hefur Aðalheiður Guðmundsdóttir stundað?

Aðalheiður Guðmundsdóttir er prófessor í íslenskum bókmenntum fyrri alda við Háskóla Íslands. Rannsóknir hennar spanna vítt svið innan íslenskra fræða og hefur hún meðal annars fengist við rannsóknir á handritum, frásagnarfræði, fornaldarsögum, riddarasögum og rímum. Doktorsrannsókn Aðalheiður fjallaði um Úlfhams ...

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Hver er uppruni orðtaksins OK (ókei) og hvað þýðir skammstöfunin í raun?

Venjulegasta skýringin á þessu orði eða skammstöfun er sú að það tengist orðtakinu ‘all correct’ sem er sem kunnugt er borið fram þannig að það mætti allt eins skrifa ‘oll korrekt.’ Eiginleg merking þess orðtaks er ‘allt rétt’ en í íslensku er eðlilegra að segja ‘allt í lagi.’ Önnur skýring á upprunanum sjálfum ...

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Hvað eru limrur og hvernig eru þær ortar?

Limra er bragarháttur sem kom upp í enskum skáldskap á fyrri hluta 19. aldar. Á ensku nefnst limrur limerick en uppruni orðsins er ekki kunnur. Á Írlandi er til borg með sama nafni. Fyrstu prentuðu limrurnar birtust í bókunum Anecdotes and Adventures of Fifteen Young Ladies og The History of Sixteen Wonderful Old ...

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